The American Library Association (2011) defines Digital Literacy as " the ability to use information and communication technologies to find, evaluate, create, and communicate information, requiring both cognitive and technical skills."
A digitally literate person should:
Source: Digital Literacy Taskforce. (2011). What is digital literacy? American Library Association. Retrieved August 8, 2022 from https://alair.ala.org/handle/11213/16260
Being digitally literate in your daily life means, simply, having the ability to locate & consume digital content, create digital content and communicate digital content (Spires & Bartlett, 2012).
Evaluating information is an important part of locating, creating and communicating digital content. Critical evaluation helps determine what digital content to use for any given need without being overwhelmed by a sea of information.
Graphic: Spires, H. A. & Bartlett, M. E. (2012). Digital literacies and learning: Designing a path forward. https://www.fi.ncsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/media/media/2013/05/digital-literacies-and-learning.pdf
Key questions when evaluating a source:
Education expert and information literacy blogger Mike Caufield came up with these "four moves" for evaluating sources:
Adapted from "Recognition Is Futile: Why Checklist Approaches to Information Literacy Fail and What To Do About It" by Mike Caulfield, February 18, 2018, Hapgood.us