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Malibu History: Home

Welcome to The Malibu History Research Guide



         Welcome to the Malibu History Research Guide. The goal of this guide is to provide students, faculty, and researchers with an array of resources related to Malibu history housed here at Pepperdine Libraries and available online.

The Inception of Malibu

How Malibu Got Its Name  

The source is a combination of Native American words mali + wu,  which mean “where the mountains meet the sea”  and the Chumash composite word Humaliwo, which means "the surf sounds loudly." 

The Chumash People

Chumash body painting and dance at Bluffs Park, early 1990s

At one time, Chumash territory encompassed 7,000 square miles that spanned from the beaches of Malibu to Paso Robles. The tribe also inhabited inland to the western edge of the San Joaquin Valley.

Utilizing resources from both the land and the sea, we called ourselves “the first people,” and pointed to the Pacific Ocean as our first home. These early Chumash ancestors were hunters, gatherers, and fishermen who lived in large, dome-shaped homes that were made of willow branches.

As the Chumash culture advanced with boat-making, basketry, stone cookware, and the ability to harvest and store food, the villages became more permanent. The Chumash society became tiered and ranged from manual laborers to the skilled crafters, chiefs, and shaman priests who were also accomplished astronomers. Women could serve equally as chiefs and priests.

In the rolling hills of the coastline, our Chumash ancestors found caves to use for sacred religious ceremonies. The earliest Chumash Indians used charcoal for their drawings, but as the culture evolved, so did the cave markings — using, red, orange, and yellow pigments. These colorful yet simple paintings included human figures and animal life. Many of the caves still exist today, protected by the National Parks system, and illustrate the spiritual bond the Chumash hold with our environment.

As with most Native American tribes, the Chumash history was passed down from generation to generation through stories and legends. Many of these stories were lost when the Chumash Indian population faced the turmoil to come.

Source: Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians, Our History


Archivist for Boone Special Collections and Archives

Post-Colonial Malibu Historical Timeline

1542 First record of Spanish exploration by Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo in Bay of Santa Monica

1775 Jose Bartolome Tapia came to California [settled in San Jose], eventually to Malibu

ca. 1800 Tapia granted use of land [Malibu acres] for grazing stock by local governor in name of King

1848 Dona Maria Tapia sold 14,000 acres to Leon Victor Prudhomme; Prudhomme could not prove “rights” to domain

1857 Don Mateo Keller [Matthew] bought the property for 10 cents an acre during Panic of 1857

1892 Frederick Hastings Rindge bought “the farm” from Henry Keller for $10. an acre

1898  Happy Days in Southern California by Rindge published in Cambridge and Los Angeles

     It took a full day to drive to Malibu from Ocean Avenue by oxcart/buggy along shoreline

1903 Great Fire in Malibu took the ranch house and everything from mountains to shore

1905 Frederick Rindge died and left May Knight Rindge to be “Queen of the Malibu”

      During her remaining years, Mrs. Rindge spent their fortune fighting a public road through the Malibu.

1929 Opening of the coast road, public access highway 101 A [Pacific Coast Highway] through Malibu 

1940  May Knight Rindge, "The Queen of the Malibu" dies at the age of 76. 

1942 May's land and thousands of Malibu Potteries tiles are sold to the Franciscan Order for $50,000

1946  Reeves D. Templeman established a weekly newspaper, The Malibu Times

Source: Malibu Complete: Malibu History