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InfoGuides | Pepperdine Libraries

German - Deutsche

Browse library resources for the study of German

What is a Primary Source

A primary source is "first-hand" information, sources as close as possible to the origin of the information or idea under study. Primary sources are contrasted with secondary sources, works that provide analysis, commentary, or criticism on the primary source. In literary studies, primary sources are often creative works, including poems, stories, novels, and so on. In historical studies, primary sources include written works, recordings, or other source of information from people who were participants or direct witnesses to the events in question. Examples of commonly used primary sources include government documents, memoirs, personal correspondence, oral histories, and contemporary newspaper accounts.


Goethe Institute

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"zur Pflege der deutschen Sprache im Ausland und zur Förderung der internationalen kulturellen Zusammenarbeit e.V."Schiller-Nationalmuseum / Deutsches Literaturarchiv
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German Newspapers

Archival Sites

Projekt Gutenberg - DE

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Die digitale Bibliothek.

Call Numbers for German Books

Library books are arranged on the shelves by topic according to the Library of Congress classification system. Each book is labeled with specific letters and numbers which determine its location. Here are three basic subclasses relevant to German studies:

DD German history

PF German language (including dictionaries)

PT German literature 

Listed below are several selected classification numbers and ranges with their corresponding topics.

DB1-DB879 History of Austria (including Austro-Hungarian Empire)

DD175-DD289.5 History of modern Germany from 1519-1989

DD290 History of Germany since 1990 

GR155-GR159 Folklore of Austria

GR165-GR169 Folklore of Germany 

PF3640 German-English dictionaries

PT83-PT873 History and criticism of German literature

PT1100-PT1374 Collections of German literature

PT1501-PT2688 Individual authors' works, criticism, biography, letters, memoirs, diaries