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Citing Business Sources

Industry, Market & Demographic Report Citations


Owen, J. (2020, April). Grocery retailing: Incl impact of COVID-19 - US. Mintel.


Fernandez, C. (2020, May). Supermarkets & grocery stores in the US. IBISWorld.


Euromonitor. (2020, March). Supermarkets in the US. Passport.


PrivCo. (n.d.). Whimstay, Inc. company profile: Financials, valuation, and growth. Retrieved April 14, 2023, from

S&P Net Advantage:

Sundaram, A. & Young, J.Y. (2020, June). U.S. Food & Staples Retailing. S&P Net Advantage.

Insider Intelligence:

Williamson, D.A. (2020, June). US social media usage: How the Coronavirus is changing consumer behavior. eMarketer.


Public Religion Research. (2020, September). Religious affiliation in the United States 2017, by age [Graph]. Statista.


Sheridan, E.J., Steiger, A., Miller, B.,  Czura, L., Vegliante, A., Lin, C. & McKennon, M. (2021, January 24). US Internet & Interactive Entertainment Assessing the Consumer Usage & Ad Engagement Landscape (13th Ed.). UBS. Refinitiv.

Refinitiv (n.d.). Netflix Inc  financials: Operating metrics 2007-2021. Retrieved February 9, 2021 from

Refintiv (n.d.). Netflix Inc. peers & valuation: value chain. Retrieved February 9, 2021 from

Simmons Insights (Crosstab):

Name of Organization. (Year). Title of study [Data set description] [Data set]. URL

MRI-Simmons. (2017). Spring 2017 NHCS adult study 12 month [Cell phones / smartphones brands owned by consumer demographics - age,

gender, household income] [Data set].

Simmons Brand Catalyst:

Name of Organization. (Year). Title of study [Profile variables] [Segmentation profile]. URL

MRI-Simmons. (2020). Spring 2020 NHCS adult study 12 month [Male 18-34] [Segmentation profile].


Name of Organization. (Year). Study Source [Data set description] [Data set]. URL

DemographicsNow. (2023). Experian [Average expenditure: Cash contributions to charities, church, religious, educational, political and other organizations / housing units by percent: tenure % owner-occupied:  Malibu (Place)] [Data set].

SRDS Claritas 360 Reports:

Citation Example: Graphs

Name of Organization. (Year). Title of graph. Source Title. Retrieval date from URL

Claritas. (2020). Households by income: 61820. Claritas Pop-Facts Demographics 2020. Retrieved October 11, 2020, from

Citation Example: Segment Description

Name of Organization. (Year). Title of segment/statistics. Source Title. Retreival date from URL

Claritas. (2020). 47 striving selfies demographic traits. Claritas 360. Retrieved October 11, 2020, from

SEC & Financial Data Filing Citations

SEC Filing from a library database:

Albertson Companies Inc. (2020, February 29). Form 10-K. Mergent Online.

SEC Filing from a website:

Albertson Companies Inc. (2020, February 29). Form 10-K.

Mergent Online Financial data

Mergent, Inc. (n.d.). Albertsons Companies Inc. company financials: income statement 2016-2020. Retrieved August 21, 2020


S&P Net Advantage Financial Data:

Standard & Poor's. (n.d.). Netflix Inc. fixed income: Securities summary. Retrieved February 9, 2022 from

Standard & Poor's. (n.d.). Netflix Inc, financials: Income statement: 2017-201. Retrieved February 9, 2022 from

Business Article Citations

Scholarly article with a Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Andrade, M.S. & Westover, J.H. (2020). Comparative job satisfaction and its determinants in for-profit and nonprofit employees across the

globe. American Journal of Management, 20 (1) 46-63. https://doi:10.33423/ajm.v20i1.2752.

Scholarly article Without a DOI:

Haeffele, S., & Storr, V. H. (2019). Hierarchical management structures and housing the poor: An analysis of Habitat for Humanity in Birmingham,

Alabama. Journal of Private Enterprise, 34(1), 15-37.