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THEA History I & II: MLA
This online guide contains customized materials selected by your librarian in partnership with your professor in order to highlight helpful resources you can use to complete your research assignment.
Formatting and Style Guides for MLA, APA, and Chicago.
MLA Handbook by The Modern Language Association of AmericaThe Modern Language Association, the authority on research and writing, takes a fresh look at documenting sources in the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook, the official guide to MLA format. Works are published today in a dizzying variety of ways: a novel, for example, may be read in print, online, or as an e-book--or perhaps listened to as an audiobook. Writers of research papers routinely need to know how to cite works on Web sites, videos on platforms like YouTube, interviews and other works created by multiple authors, journal articles contained in databases, online images, posts on social media sites, song lyrics, and more. Instead of providing separate instructions for each format, the MLA's unique, innovative approach recommends one set of guidelines that writers can apply to any type of source. This groundbreaking edition of the MLA's best-selling handbook is short and designed for easy use. It guides writers through the principles behind evaluating sources for their research and thus focuses on the key skills of information and digital literacy. It then shows writers how to cite sources in their writing, offering detailed guidance on in-text citations, quoting and paraphrasing, avoiding plagiarism, and more. Intended for students, teachers, librarians, and advanced scholars, the handbook is an indispensable resource in composition, communication, literature, language arts, film, media studies, digital humanities, and related fields.
Publication Date: 2016-04-01
When to Quote, Summarize, & Paraphrase.
Why use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries?
Quotations, paraphrases, and summaries serve many purposes. You might use them to:
Provide support for claims or add credibility to your writing
Refer to work that leads up to the work you are now doing
Give examples of several points of view on a subject
Call attention to a position that you wish to agree or disagree with
Highlight a particularly striking phrase, sentence, or passage by quoting the original
Distance yourself from the original by quoting it in order to cue readers that the words are not your own
Expand the breadth or depth of your writing
When Do I Give Credit to a Source?
Give credit to your source in all of the following situations:
You directly quote a source.
You borrow an idea from a source.
You paraphrase or summarize a source.
If you gain information from interviewing a person or from a class lecture.
When you use diagrams, illustrations, or other images that you did not create yourself.
Radio broadcasts, movies, podcasts.
Things that are not common knowledge. Always ere on the safe side
Is there anything I don't need to cite?
You do not need to cite any of the following types of information:
Your own ideas and experiences.
Common knowledge. Be careful here. If you're in doubt, cite it.
Results of lab experiments that you gathered yourself.
Your own artwork, illustrations, diagrams, etc.
Generally accepted facts: eating too much will make you gain weight, sugar causes cavities