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POSC 492 International Human Rights (IP): Citing Your Sources

Style Guides in the Library

Sections of the Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.) you may find useful: Legal and Public Documents sections 14.281-14.317 (pages 769-784).

Citation Styles

Citation styles can be difficult to learn.

Here are links to guides for some of the most popular style guides.

Chicago Manual of Style

Turabian Guide for Writers

These Guides are from OWL, the Purdue Online Writing Lab.

Online Citation Generators

Online Citation Creators

What is Chicago Style

Chicago Style

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) covers a variety of topics from manuscript preparation and publication to grammar, usage, and documentation. 

Contributors:Jessica Clements, Elizabeth Angeli, Karen Schiller, Steve Gooch, Laurie Pinkert, Allen Brizee

There are two main styles:

  • The Notes-Bibliography System (NB), which is used by those in literature, history, and the arts.
    • The Chicago NB system is most often used in History and is often used in the humanities and provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through footnote or endnote citation in their writing and through bibliography pages.

      As with any citation stystem using it correctly protects the writer from accusations of plagiarism. As mentioned earlier in this guide proper citation builds credibility to the paper by demonstrating accountability to source material.

      If you are asked to use Chicago NB format, be sure to consult The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, and/or A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7th edition. Both are available in the College Library and the ASUCLA bookstore.

  • The Author-Date System, which is preferred in the sciences.
    • In the Author-Date System each citation consists of two parts: the text citations, which provides brief identifying information within the text, and the reference list (list of sources used) which provides full bibliographic information.

Descriptions for Style Guides (Chicago)
Clements, J., Angeli, E., Schiller, K., Gooch, S., Pinkert, L. & Brizee, A. (2010, November 1, 2010). General format. Retrieved from