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Soc 592 Medical Sociology : ASA Citation Style

Citation Style Guides

Formating Paper in ASA Style

ASA citation style is the citation style preferred by all American Sociological Association publications. It is used in a select number of classes at the College. ASA style is largely based off of the Chicago Manual of Style, does feature several major differences. To learn more about ASA Style and how it works, please consult the links featured below.

Some general formatting rules:

  • Spacing: Double-spaced, including a title page and any footnotes and your list of references.
  • Font: 12-point, standard font (e.g: Times New Roman, Arial, etc.).
  • Margins : 3.175 cm (1.25 inches) on all sides.
  • Numbering: In the top margin of every page after the title page, justified to the right-hand side of the page, beginning with "1".
  • Running Head: In the top margin of every page (including the Title Page and the Reference section), justified to the left-hand side of the page, include the page header or "Running Head." The Running Head is a shortened title of your paper. It should be no more than 50 characters long, including spaces and punctuation, and it shold be typed out in all caps. For example:


  • On the title page, you also include the Running Head, but you also must add "Running Head:" at the beginning, like so:


  • Title Page: Unless otherwise instructed by your teacher, the ASA Style requires that you include a title page with your paper. This page should include:
    • The title: centered a third of the way down the page (about 6-7 double-spaced lines from the top). If you use a subtitle, end your title with a colon, then start the subtitle on the next line.
    • Your name: On the line after your title. If you are submitting group work, start a new line for each group member.
    • Institution: On the line after your name (e.g. Marianopolis College).
    • Word Count: On the line after your institution, include a full word count for the paper, including any footnotes.
    • You teacher may request that you include additional information as well, such as your student number.
  • The first page after you title page: Should begin with the title of your paper, centered on the first line, followed by the beginning of your paper on the next line.

Tips provided by librarians at:

Basic In-Text Citation in ASA Style

Type of CitationFirst Citation in TextSubsequent Citations in TextParenthetical Format, First Citation in TextParenthetical Format, Subsequent Citations in Text
One work by one author Walker (2007) Walker (2007) (Walker 2007) (Walker 2007)
One work by two authors Walker and Allen (2004) Walker and Allen (2004) (Walker and Allen 2004) (Walker and Allen 2004)
One work by three authors Bradley, Ramirez, and Soo (1999) Bradley et al. (1999) (Bradley, Ramirez, and Soo 1999) (Bradley et al. 1999)
One work by four or more authors Wasserstein et al. (2005) Wasserstein et al. (2005) (Wasserstein et al. 2005) (Wasserstein et al. 2005)
Groups as authors (readily identified through abbreviation) NIMH (2003) NIMH (2003) (NIMH 2003) (NIMH 2003)
Groups as authors (no abbreviation) University of Pittsburgh (2005) University of Pittsburgh (2005) (University of Pittsburgh 2005) (University of Pittsburgh 2005)

Source: American Sociological Association. 2010. Style Guide. Washington, D.C.: American Sociological Association.

Quick reference tool created by librarians at:


Work Cited in ASA Style


Periodical: General

Author1 (last name first), Author2 (last name last), and Author 3. Year of publication. "Article title."Journal Title Vol#(iss#):Page#.

Journal Article with One Author

Campbell, Mary E. 2009. "Multiracial Groups and Educational Inequality: A Rainbow Or a Divide?"Social Problems 56(3):425-446.

Journal Article with Two Authors

Mouw, Ted and Arne L. Kalleberg. 2010. "Occupations and the Structure of Wage Inequality in the United States, 1980s to 2000s." American Sociological Review 75(3):402-431.

Journal Article with Three or More Authors

Moller, Stephanie, Arthur S. Alderson, and Francois Nielsen. 2009. "Changing Patterns of Income Inequality in U.S. Counties, 1970-2000." American Journal of Sociology 114(4):1037-1101.

Magazine and Newspaper Articles

Duke, Lynne. 1994. "Confronting Violence: African American Conferees Look Inward." Washington Post, January 8, pp. A1, A10.

Journal Article from an Online Resource with Page Numbers

Kramer, Lisa A. and Steph Lambert. 2001. "Sex-Linked Bias in Chances of being Promoted to Supervisor." Sociological Perspectives 44(1):111-127.

Journal Article from an Online Resource without Page Numbers

Lesser, Lawrence M. 2007. "Critical Values and Transforming Data: Teaching Statistics with Social Justice." Journal of Statistics Education 15(1). Retrieved January 25, 2011 (

Journal Article from an Online Resource with a Digital Object Identifer (DOI)

Pearson, A. Fiona. 2010. "Real Problems, Virtual Solutions: Engaging Students Online." Teaching Sociology 38(3):207-214. doi:10.1177/0092055X10370115.

For additional examples, see pages 46-51, 78, and 101-103 in the ASA's Style Guide (2010).


Book: General

Author1 (last name first), Author2 (last name last), and Author 3. Year of publication. Book Title. Location of publisher, State or Country: Publisher's Name.

An ",eds." is appended to an author(s) entry to indicate the name(s) of editors.

If no date of publication is available, use N.d. in place of the date.

Book with One Author/Editor

Beeghley, Leonard. 2000. The structure of social stratification in the United States. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Book with Two Authors/Editors

Lareau, Annette and Dalton Conley, eds. 2008. Social class: how does it work? New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Book with Three or More Authors/Editors

Scott, Jacqueline, and Rosemary Crompton, and Clare Lyonette, eds. 2010. Gender inequalities in the 21st century: new barriers and continuing constraints. Cheltenham, England: Edward Elgar.

Entire Book: Electronic Version

Feagin, Joe R. 2010. Racist America: Roots, Currentalities, and Future Reparations. New York: Taylor and Francis Routledge. Retrieved January 25, 2011 (

Chapter in a Book or Encyclopedia Entry.

Zambrana, Ruth E. and Victoria-Maria MacDonald. 2009. "Staggered Inequalities in Access to
Higher Education by Gender, Race, and Ethnicity." Pp. 73-100 in Emerging Intersections: Race, Class, and Gender in Theory, Policy, and Practice, edited by B.T. Dill and R.E. Zambrana. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

For additional examples, see pages 45-51, 77, 99-101, and 106 in the ASA's Style Guide (2010).


Website document retrieved from an institution at a known location.

American Sociological Association. 2006. "Status Committees." Washingon, D.C.: American Sociological Association. Retrieved July 10, 2010 (

Website document retrieved from an institution at an unknown location.

IBM. 2008. "2008 Annual Report." Retrieved January 25, 2011 (


American Sociological Association. 2004. Max Weber Visits America, 1904. DVD. Washington, D.C.: American Sociological Association.

For additional examples, see pages 79-82 in the ASA's Style Guide (2010).

Quick reference tool created by librarians at: