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InfoGuides | Pepperdine Libraries

SPAN 300 Hispanic Studies: Chilean Literature - Professor Lila McDowell Carlsen: MLA Citation Style

Citation -Quick Reference

Begin the citation using the rules for the comparable printed work (aka books, Journals etc);  then end the citation identifying the medium (type of electronic file) of publication.

Medium types: Kindle file, Nook file, EPUB file, or PDF file.

*If you cannot identify the file type, use Digital file.

 Citing WEB Pub. Information on the web can be easily and irregularly updated so the date of access is important. In the past citations included URL (the http: //...) but URL often changes so it’s now considered supplementary information.

  • Website- 

Structure: Last name, First name. "Article Title." Website Title. Publisher of Website, Day Month Year article was published. medium. Date of access.<URL>. (optional)

  • Web Page-  For an individual page-

Structure: author's name (if known).all the website information. Publisher info (use n.p. if no publisher name is available). date of publication (use n.d. if no publishing date is given.) Medium. date accessed.

Example: "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow Demand Media, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.

  • Work Cited only on the Web-

Structure: Name of author, compiler, editor (last, first.) ..., Article Title (italicized). Title of web page (italicized). version or Ed. Publisher or sponsor of site (if one is not available N.p.)

  • Work from Web with Print Publication Data- In some cases the printed resources are scanned and available on online.

Structure: After the appropriate print equivalent information (aka article, book...)ADD the Database or Web site in italics, Medium of publication consulted, and Date of access (Month, day, year).

Example:"... Google scholar search. Web. June 7 2003"

Information taken from: "How Do I Cite an E-book?" How Do I Cite an E-book? N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2013. AND MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed., 2009

Citing the Bible

  • Do not italicize general titles for scripture: Bible, New Testament...
  • Do italicize specific editions full (New Revised Standard Version) and shortened  (NRSV) version.

Parenthetical References:

  • Note specific edition in the first citation then omit in subsequent citations. 

“But the angel said to them, ‘Do not be afraid; for see—I am bringing you good news of great joy for all the people”(parenthetical citation see to option below).

First entry:

a)  (NRSV Luke. 2.10).

b)  (New Revised Standard Version, Luke. 2.10).

Subsequent  Entries:

(Gal. 5.16)

Works Cited:

  • Print:  Give the name of the specific edition you are using, the version. any editor(s) associated with it, followed by the publication information.

The New Jerusalem Bible. Henry Wansbrough, gen. ed. New York: Doubleday, 1985. Print.

The New Oxford Annotated Bible, New Revised Standard Version.Eds. Bruce M. Metzger and Roland E. Murphy. New York: Oxford UP, 1991. Print. 

  • Online:

New International Version. [Colorado Springs]: Biblica,  Web. 3 Mar. 2011.

Bible Gateway. New International Version (NIV Bible). N.p., n.d. Web. 01 May 2013.

(N.p =no Publisher and N.d=not date)


Information from: Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2009. Print.

Purdue OWL: MLA

How Do I Do That?

Cover Page & Work Cited

tip: click the '[  ]' in bottom right corner of screen to enlarge to full screen then press 'Esc' to minimize.

  • For Mac tutorial Click HERE
  • For PC tutorial Click below:
    • Headers & Page # at minuent- 2:14
    • Works Cited page at minuent- 3:20

MLA Style

 MLA style for documentation is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature.

 Generally simpler and more concise than other styles, MLA style uses in-text parenthetical citations and the list of resource appear in alphabetical order in a "works cited" page that appears at the end of the work.

Using the Giude:

  • Examples are usually highlighted in red.
  • Some sentences use Lorem ipsum or dummy text.
  • When this "(How Do I Do That Video) " appears by an example then an accompanying demonstration video is available in the "How Do I DO That?" box on this page.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit (Name, page #). Sed eleifend nonummy diam. Praesent mauris ante, elementum et, bibendum at, posuere sit amet, nibh (Jones, 14). Duis tincidunt lectus quis dui viverra

When you site more than one work in a paragraph you can have more than one work referenced in your Parenthetical citation: (Fukuyama 42; McRae 101-33).

For more specific examples of how to write in text citation when you’re citing different works by the same author; works by more than one author, works with no authors, and authors with the same name etc. refer to the MLA Handbook. 

Full name provided last name, first name. Title in Italics with Every Important Word is Capitalized. Publisher’s name are abbreviated, date of publication. Medium.

Jones, William. Baby Boomers: The Greatest Generation Begets the Worst Generation. New York: U of Pennsylvania P, 2006. Print

Information taken from: "Frequently Asked Questions about the MLA Style Manual." Frequently Asked Questions about the MLA Style Manual, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2013.  

And:  MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed., 2009

Research Paper Formatting Guidelines

Do MLA papers have a Cover Page- How do I number pages- How do I enter quotes longer than 4 lines etc? 

Formatting Guidelines- tell users how to format the paper.

Example of Paper Formatted using MLA 7th Ed.

 Formatting- Quick Reference:

  • Font- easy to read 12pt. font
  • Title Page - There is No Title Page. Instead 1in from the top of the page type your name, instructor's name, course number, and date separated by double spaces. see example below:

Jenny Jones

Professor Smith

Art 100

16 April  2013

  • Header& Page # - in top right-hand corner of every page place last name and page number. Example: Jones 1
    (How Do I Do That Video)  
  • Titles- 

When citing a title use the title from the Title Page -NOT the book's cover!

  Titles should not be italicized UNLESS it is the title of a scripture writing.

CAPITALIZE the First word, Last word, Words after colons, and Principle words in the title.  Do not capitalize the following parts of speech if they fall in the middle of the title- Articles (as, the...), Prepositions (against, between, in...), Coordinating conjunctions (and, but, for...) or "to." 

  • Quotes- are exact replicas of text; any changes must be clearly identified with [brackets] or italics. 

Quotes longer than 4 lines? - create a block quote by indent one inch (two "tab" keys). Then enter the quote double spaced without quotations and with a citation. Example 

Quotes & Punctuation? - Finish the quote, add the citation then the punctuation.

Example: ...the end" (Smith and Cruz, 88). 

Quoting a Quote?- Whenever possible quote the original source but when the statement you want to "quote or paraphrase is itself a quotation, put the abbreviation qtd in ("quoted in") before the indirect source you cited in your parenthetical reference."

Example:  Suspendisse vulputate aliquam dui "Nulla elementum dui ut augue" (qtd. in Smith, 177).

  • Punctuation- the punctuation follows the citation. Example: (14).
  • Work Cited- appears at the end of the paper and is double spaced.

Center "Work Cited" at the top of the page then list source in alphabetic order by author's last name.
The second line of source information is indent 1/2 Inch (1 Tab). Example  &
(How Do I Do That Video)                      

Infromation from: Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2009. Print.

Citation Machines/Generators

EasyBib creates citations. Enter the information (aka ISBN, URL...) for the Book, Journal etc. If EasyBid doesn't locate the material it will provide a template. Finish supplying the information for each field in the template to generate a citation. Note: ONLY MLA is free so this tool will not work for Chicago or APA citations without a subscription.

Other Machines:



Pepperdine Catalog:

NOTE: it is good practice to double check citations provided with articles or generated by machines. Sometimes the citation machine will not italicize things that should be italicized or it puts things in ALL CAPS that shouldn’t be capitalized.  


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Citations Guidelines

  How do I Cite WebPages, Interviews, Books with Multiple Authors etc.?

Citation Style Guides explain how to cite any of the aforementioned sources and more: