Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
This research guide will point you toward online research resources and strategies available to you as scholars doing research at Pepperdine.
Use this guide throughout the research process to help you have the best support for your thesis and research.
If you have any questions about this guide, the research process, or any library databases or features, please don't hesitate to contact me and I would be happy to meet with you.
How to Cite an Article With an Article Number Instead of a Page Range
Several online-only journals (e.g., PLoS ONE) publish articles that have article numbers rather than unique page ranges. That is, instead of the first article in the issue starting on page 1, the second on page 20, the third on page 47, and so on, every article starts on page 1.
CitingTwo or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year
Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation.
Research by Berndt (1981a) illustrated that...
Sources Without Page Numbers
e.g., for articles in the journal PLoS ONE
When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. When an electronic document has numbered paragraphs, use the abbreviation "para." followed by the paragraph number (Hall, 2001, para. 5). If the paragraphs are not numbered and the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the paragraph under that heading.... According to Smith (1997), ... (Mind over Matter section, para. 6).