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InfoGuides | Pepperdine Libraries

Citation Styles: Citing Business Sources (APA)

This guide explains why we cite & how to cite. It also provides tips for accessing and evaluating the sources you want to cite.

APA Examples

Industry/Market Research Reports


Owen, J. (2020, April). Grocery retailing: Incl impact of COVID-19 - US - April 2020. Mintel.


Fernandez, C. (2020, May). Supermarkets & grocery stores in the US. IBISWorld.


Euromonitor (2020, March). Supermarkets in the US. Passport.

S&P Net Advantage:

Sundaram, A. & Young, J.Y. (2020, June). U.S. Food & Staples Retailing. S&P Net Advantage.


Williamson, D.A. (2020, June). US social media usage: How the Coronavirus is changing consumer behavior. eMarketer.


Public Religion Research (2020, September). Religious affiliation in the United States 2017, by age. Statista.

LexisNexis (Hoover's Company Reports)

Hoovers (2016, October 5). Estee Lauder Companies Inc: Hoover's In-depth Records. Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic.

Page Content Created by Marc Vinyard

Financial Data/SEC Filings

SEC Filing from a library database:

Albertson Companies Inc. (2020, February 29). Form 10-K. Mergent Online.

SEC Filing from a website:

Albertson Companies Inc. (2020, February 29). Form 10-K.

Mergent Online Financial data

Mergent. (2020, March). Technology: North America [Industry profile]. Mergent Online.

Mergent. “Albertsons Companies Inc. Company Financials: Income Statement 2016-2020.” Accessed August 21, 2020. Mergent Online.


eBook from Library Databases:

For eBooks, the database is not required. 

Wagner, T. (2020). Music, branding, and consumer culture in church : Hillsong in focus. Routledge.

Seemiller, C., & Grace, M. (2019). Generation Z: a century in the making. Routledge.

Book Chapter:

Renz, D.O. (2016). Leadership, governance, and the work of the board.  In D.O. Renz & R.D. Herman (Eds.), The Jossey-Bass handbook of nonprofit leadership and management (pp. 127-166). Josey Bass. https://10.1002/9781119176558


Scholarly article with a Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Andrade, M.S. & Westover, J.H. (2020). Comparative job satisfaction and its determinants in for-profit and nonprofit employees across the globe. American Journal of Management, 20 (1) 46-63. https://doi:10.33423/ajm.v20i1.2752.

Scholarly article Without a DOI:

Haeffele, S., & Storr, V. H. (2019). Hierarchical management structures and housing the poor: An analysis of Habitat for Humanity in Birmingham, Alabama. Journal of Private Enterprise, 34(1), 15-37.