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BIOL 311: Introduction to Ecology (Monzon): Home

Citing Your Sources

Ecology style refers to the citation format established by the Ecological Society of America. The best way to determine the appropriate format is to look a recent copy of the journal Ecology [click here to access the online version of the journal].

As you write your assignment or paper, you'll be using information that you obtained from other sources and integrating it into your work. When you use someone else's words or ideas (or their pictures, charts, etc.) in your work, you must give credit to that author by citing the original source of the information.

Each source that you cite in your paper will need to be listed in two ways:

  •  In the text or body of your paper, an "in-text" citation
     This is a very brief mention of the original information source. Often, the in-text citation includes just the author's last name and the year of publication.
  • At the end of your paper 
    This is a complete description of the original source, which becomes part of a "Literature Cited" list or bibliography. Each reference should provide the title of the original document, the author's name, and enough other information about it so that someone would be able to locate the item, should they want to read it. 

To help you organize your citations and create a Literature Cited list, you will be learning how to use RefWorks.  RefWorks is a web-based bibliography and database manager that allows users to create your own personal database by importing references from text files or online databases. 

Click here to access  or access RefWorks by going to the Library Homepage, clicking on Databases and E-Journals, clicking on By Name "R", then "Refworks"

Research & Reference Librarian

Mary Ann Naumann's picture
Mary Ann Naumann
Pepperdine University Libraries
24255 Pacific Coast Highway, Malibu, CA 90263
Payson 226