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ENG 380 Anglo-American literature (International Programs): Primary Sources

What is a Primary Source

A primary source is "first-hand" information, sources as close as possible to the origin of the information or idea under study. Primary sources are contrasted with secondary sources, works that provide analysis, commentary, or criticism on the primary source. In literary studies, primary sources are often creative works, including poems, stories, novels, and so on. In historical studies, primary sources include written works, recordings, or other source of information from people who were participants or direct witnesses to the events in question. Examples of commonly used primary sources include government documents, memoirs, personal correspondence, oral histories, and contemporary newspaper accounts.

Newspapers

Newspapers can provide you with valuable information. They include books reviews, author interviews, information on book signings, etc. Historical Newspapers can also provide you with information on how the book was received when it was published, if it was published with in the papers range.

Primary Sources

Author Interviews


Paris Review Author Interview Collection

The Paris Review, a literary magazine featuring original writing, art, and in-depth interviews with famous writers, has placed its complete archive of author interviews  online, from 1953 to the present.

Includes interviews with Ralph Ellison, William Faulkner, Robert Frost, Allen Ginsberg, Ernest Hemingway, Arthur Miller, Ezra Pound, and William Carlos Williams.