When you summarize someone else’s work
When you use the author’s exact words (include the page number of the original source)
When you use information you found in any outside source (including the Web); anything which is not your OWN original thought
Facts that are not common knowledge
When in doubt, CITE!
To add credibility and support for your ideas!
“1. to ensure the accuracy of scientific and scholarly knowledge, and
2. to protect intellectual property rights.”
Source: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.(2001). 5th ed. Washington, D.C.: APA, p. 348.
Restating, in your own words, the author’s words or ideas
To simplify or clarify the original text
To demonstrate comprehension of original source
Rewrite it using your own words
Rewrite it using your own sentence structure
Quote distinctive words or phrases taken from the original source
Accurately represent the author
Always cite the source of your information
Source for Quoting, Summarizing and Paraphrasing: Avoiding Plagiarism: Strategies & Resources presentation by Patti Caravello
Using the Author’s exact words
Use “quotation marks” to mark someone else’s words
Condensed/distilled version of the author’s words or ideas
To include only main points of the original text
Tip: A summary is shorter than a paraphrase and covers main points only